Extended arguments debates can be expressed through an academic style of writing, which is alternatively termed as ‘argumentative essay’. Drafting an argumentative essay may seem difficult for novice writers. Firstly, because you have to conduct extensive research and find out relevant journals where experts have expressed their contradictory opinions. Secondly, you need to formulate an appropriate thesis statement stating the topic of argument and the perspective of the writer. More specifically, at the time of mentioning the thesis statement you need to state clearly whether you are talking in favor of the essay topic or producing arguments against the topic. Thirdly, you find drafting an argumentative essay a bit difficult because infusing contradictory opinions of various researchers in the paper by following the right format and ‘argumentative language’ require a vast knowledge of the right format and language representing arguments.
Here I am going to talk about some of the approaches of argumentative essays that may help you draft a poignant argumentative essay:
Four steps are followed in the Toulmin model, which may be repeated numerous times depending on the requirement of the argument. They are:
- Making a claim
- Providing the evidence to support the claim
- Providing explanation warrant (how the claim is supported by grounds)
- Discussing possible rebuttals associated with the claim, identifying the limits of the argument and considering other perspectives
The four steps of the Rogerian model, which can also be repeated as per the requirement of the argument are:
1. Discuss the perception of the opposing position as well as the reason behind holding this position.
2. Throw lights on the issues associated with this position
3. Represent your own position, showing how it addresses these problems
4. Suggesting a compromise—for instance, elements of the position you hold may benefit the proponent of the opponent position, or the benefits your element can achieve by adopting some of the perceptions of the opponent position.
In this way this model paints a clear picture that both positions of an argument search for the ground of compromise. However, there is no compulsion that you have to select one of these models. You can utilize the elements highlighted in both the models in various parts of your essay.
Take a look at the following tips and have a better understanding of the structuring of an argumentative essay.
1. Introduce the argument:
An argumentative essay begins with an introduction, where initially, the background of the topic is discussed. Further, the aim and objectives of the essay are highlighted along with the thesis statement. The thesis statement will include your position, i.e., whether you are talking in favor of the topic or against the topic. This will again be followed by a brief overview of the structure to be followed by the discussion section.
2. Body or Discussion:
This is the major section of an argumentative essay, where the arguments are developed. The five-paragraph format will be followed. More specifically, if you are writing a short argumentative essay, the expansion of the discussion the section will be up to three paragraphs among the five paragraphs. If you are writing an argumentative essay which is comparatively long, you need to incorporate more than three paragraphs, sub-sections under the discussion section.
In this context, it is useful for you to know that, if you are talking in favor of a topic in a short argumentative essay, among the three-paragraph two paragraphs should represent arguments in favor of the topic. The last paragraph should represent the contradictory arguments.
While beginning paragraphs that support similar grounds use words or phrases like-‘Similarly’, ‘Following the similar logic’, ‘Moreover’, and so on. While starting the contradictory paragraphs you can use words or phrases like-‘On the contrary’, ‘on the other hand’, ‘contrarily’. In both cases, such argumentative words or phrases accompanied by citation, specifically ‘front intext’, will create an argumentative appeal or help you establish a perfect ambiance for argumentative discussion.
3. Concluding an argument:
The conclusion section does not contain any new argument rather summarizes the arguments made in the previous section. However, for a long argumentative essay you can incorporate the following elements:
• Restating thesis statement
• Strengths as well as weaknesses of the argument
• Importance of the argument
• the relevance of the argument
• Concluding statement
The above mentioned tips will provide you a basic guideline to draft argumentative essays. However, you may encounter more complex assignments requiring argumentative essays. In such a case, feel free to contact our experts providing argumentative essay assignment help.